Skin pigmentation is disarray that triggers the skin to emerge either lighter or darker than the existing skin color. The lighter appearance is called hypopigmentation and the darker appearance is called hyperpigmentation. Pigmentation may sometimes emerge as blotchy and discolored. However, skin discoloration may appear in many forms. The reason for this pigmentation depends on the minimal or the maximal production of melanin. Melanin is obtained from amino acid tyrosine which is found in melanocyte cells that distributed throughout the upper layer of our skin. Melanin works as an absorbent agent of UV-rays of the sun to prevent the skin.
What causes pigmentation?
Pigmentation happens when excess melanin is stimulated. Factors that trigger to this process are as under, which may be external, internal and genetic contribution:
What are the types of pigmentation?
The pigmentation may be either epidermal pigmentation or dermal pigmentation.
The epidermal or superficial pigmentation is generally caused by sun damage affects lighter skin tone that may include:
Dermal or deeper pigmentation is caused by trauma, hormonal disorder, and medications affect darker skin tone that may include:
Where does pigmentation appear?
The hyperpigmentations are not confined to the facial area only; it can be exposed to the shoulder area, neck, back of the arms, and bikini area to all irrespective of skin color and type.
Pigmentation removal treatments
Different type of pigmentation removal treatments include:
Photorejuvenation is significantly a fruitful treatment procedure against many types of pigmentation. It is a non-invasive procedure that uses Intense Pulse Light (IPL) or laser on the target area to absorb the melanin (the dark pigments) and haemoglobin (the red color of the blood vessel). The light energy converts the heat energy that damages the targeted cells without any disruption on the upper layer of the skin. The treated area turns to be darker and sometimes black after treatment but it will gradually fade out within 1 week to 4 weeks depending on the area of the skin treated. Very dark skin is not fir for this procedure.
Chemical peels are the very effective treatment that gives extraordinary progress for different skin conditions. The chemical peels work in various ways to rejuvenate, renew, and hydrate the skin and regenerates the smooth skin as well. The procedure addresses different skin concerns, namely superficial—level 1, superficial—level 2, superficial—level 3 etc. to treat the following skin conditions:
Skin Needling is highly result oriented for treatment of hyperpigmentation of dark color skin tones. Since the melanocytes are targeted straightly, corrective process encourages the skin tone giving the more radiant appearance.
Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLP)
LLLT is a cold laser that diminishes the creation of the hyperpigmentation without any discomfort. It works within the skin cells to balance the stimulated melanocytes and sun damaged cells that results in a luminous and more radiant complexion of skin.